An overview of the historical origin of Guzheng
Guzheng is an ancient Chinese musical instrument with a history of more than 2500 years. The origin of guzheng is still inconclusive. There are two popular versions;
The first is that “the zither is divided into two parts.”. It is recorded in yinhualu written by Zhao Yu of Tang Dynasty: “Zheng, the music of Qin, is the stream of Qin. The 50 strings of ancient zither, since the Yellow Emperor ordered Su Nu to drum zither, the emperor was more than sad, breaking it, from the back zither to the 25 strings. Qin people’s drum, brothers fight, and broken into two. The name of Zheng began from then on. ” Jiyun of the Song Dynasty also supports this view: “Qin custom is thin and evil, father and son have a dispute over the zither, and each of them has its own half. At that time, it was called Zheng.” Of course, in addition to the arguments between father and son, there are also arguments between brothers and sisters. It is recorded in the collection of music and Taoism by Oka Changming, a court musician in the reign of Yuanlu in Japan: “there are WANs and unjust people in Qin Dynasty. It is called Zheng because it is passed on to the two girls by one harp, and the two girls fight to break it.
The second is “Mengtian made Zheng”. In Han Dynasty, yingshao’s “customs pass” wrote: “Zheng, according to the record of rites and music, five strings, build the body. Today’s and lianger zither is shaped like a zither. I don’t know who changed it. Or made by Meng Tian. ” It can be seen that before the Han Dynasty, the shape of Guzheng should be “five strings, build the body”, but at that time “Bing (Shanxi) Liang (Gansu) er Zhou Zheng shape like a zither”, should be Shao who made the reform, also recorded the rumor of “made by Meng Tian”, which shows that the Han Dynasty has spread the zither shape of a zither. In the Tang Dynasty, du you’s “Tongdian · Lesi” records: “Zheng, Qin’s voice.” Fu Xuan’s preface to Zheng Fu said: “I thought Meng Tian made it.”
Guzheng existed in the Qin State in the spring and Autumn period and was used for primitive dance music. In the Han Dynasty, the zither was made by adding five strings to its body. In the early Tang Dynasty (7th century AD), there was a record of guzheng, which proved that it was changed from percussion instrument to plucked string instrument, and developed to 13 strings, close to the shape of modern guzheng. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the name of Guzheng changed to Zhen ē n) 7 string Zheng and 13 string Zheng are used at the same time, while 13 string Zheng is mostly used in folk. Since the Qing Dynasty, 13 string Zheng has been widely used, but not 7 string Zheng.
The name of Zheng is like its timbre and comes from the story of two people competing for musical instruments.
“Zheng, the music of Qin, is the stream of Qin. The 50 strings of ancient zither, since the Yellow Emperor ordered Su Nu to drum zither, the emperor was more than sad, breaking it, from the back zither to the 25 strings. Qin people’s drum, brothers fight, and broken into two. The name of Zheng began from then on. “
Jiyun of the Song Dynasty: “the Qin people have no sense of righteousness, and the father and son fight for the harp, so it’s named. Zheng twelve strings, cover broken 25 and for it