Category: Traditional Music Culture

The cultural heritage of Chinese classical music has a long history of five thousand years.

Good listening is the key to listening to classical music

When it comes to classical music, some people will be deterred. The reason is that the “high cold human design” of classical music constitutes an invisible barrier, which makes people “want to love, but it is not easy”. This time, Duan Zhaoxu, the most popular columnist and pianist of Sanlian Zhongdu, will take you into the palace of classical music and tell you that it’s not so complicated to enjoy classical music.

For example, you must have heard Mendelssohn’s spring at the 24-hour convenience store.

Mendelssohn
Mendelssohn

Or did you listen to Beethoven’s “to Alice” before listening English as a student.

to Alice
to Alice

It’s like all kinds of relaxing common events and things we experience in life, such as food, such as walking. The pleasure we get from these ordinary things is almost the same as the pleasure we get from listening to classical music. We don’t need any profound rituals or special skills“ It sounds good “. This kind of feeling, which seems to be simple and has no connotation, is actually the key to listening to classical music.

In addition to the feeling of “pleasant”, classical music conveys to us all kinds of subtle, complex and unspeakable emotions and emotions. Although the composers of classical music are in different countries from us today, they communicate with each other in different languages. However, one thing they have in common will never change is that these composers are the same “people” as us. They are no different from us in all kinds of human emotions. They use their music works to reach emotional resonance with us across time and space. This is the reason why classical music is still full of vitality after hundreds of years.

An overview of the historical origin of Guzheng

Guzheng is an ancient Chinese musical instrument with a history of more than 2500 years. The origin of guzheng is still inconclusive. There are two popular versions;

The first is that “the zither is divided into two parts.”. It is recorded in yinhualu written by Zhao Yu of Tang Dynasty: “Zheng, the music of Qin, is the stream of Qin. The 50 strings of ancient zither, since the Yellow Emperor ordered Su Nu to drum zither, the emperor was more than sad, breaking it, from the back zither to the 25 strings. Qin people’s drum, brothers fight, and broken into two. The name of Zheng began from then on. ” Jiyun of the Song Dynasty also supports this view: “Qin custom is thin and evil, father and son have a dispute over the zither, and each of them has its own half. At that time, it was called Zheng.” Of course, in addition to the arguments between father and son, there are also arguments between brothers and sisters. It is recorded in the collection of music and Taoism by Oka Changming, a court musician in the reign of Yuanlu in Japan: “there are WANs and unjust people in Qin Dynasty. It is called Zheng because it is passed on to the two girls by one harp, and the two girls fight to break it.

Guzheng
Guzheng

The second is “Mengtian made Zheng”. In Han Dynasty, yingshao’s “customs pass” wrote: “Zheng, according to the record of rites and music, five strings, build the body. Today’s and lianger zither is shaped like a zither. I don’t know who changed it. Or made by Meng Tian. ” It can be seen that before the Han Dynasty, the shape of Guzheng should be “five strings, build the body”, but at that time “Bing (Shanxi) Liang (Gansu) er Zhou Zheng shape like a zither”, should be Shao who made the reform, also recorded the rumor of “made by Meng Tian”, which shows that the Han Dynasty has spread the zither shape of a zither. In the Tang Dynasty, du you’s “Tongdian · Lesi” records: “Zheng, Qin’s voice.” Fu Xuan’s preface to Zheng Fu said: “I thought Meng Tian made it.”

Guzheng existed in the Qin State in the spring and Autumn period and was used for primitive dance music. In the Han Dynasty, the zither was made by adding five strings to its body. In the early Tang Dynasty (7th century AD), there was a record of guzheng, which proved that it was changed from percussion instrument to plucked string instrument, and developed to 13 strings, close to the shape of modern guzheng. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the name of Guzheng changed to Zhen ē n) 7 string Zheng and 13 string Zheng are used at the same time, while 13 string Zheng is mostly used in folk. Since the Qing Dynasty, 13 string Zheng has been widely used, but not 7 string Zheng.

The name of Zheng is like its timbre and comes from the story of two people competing for musical instruments.

“Zheng, the music of Qin, is the stream of Qin. The 50 strings of ancient zither, since the Yellow Emperor ordered Su Nu to drum zither, the emperor was more than sad, breaking it, from the back zither to the 25 strings. Qin people’s drum, brothers fight, and broken into two. The name of Zheng began from then on. “

Jiyun of the Song Dynasty: “the Qin people have no sense of righteousness, and the father and son fight for the harp, so it’s named. Zheng twelve strings, cover broken 25 and for it

The greatest people love to listen to classical music, even these “senior villains”

“Listening to music is like falling in love,” Murakami said

Einstein said: “death means that Mozart’s music can no longer be heard.”

In jobs’s well-known minimalist study, there was only one $200000 stereo in between.

For these people, classical music is an extremely important part of life, which can be compared with love and death. It is a daily ritual of “maintaining the soul”.

For others, classical music is more “practical”. This magical world can open up endless inspiration and reverie.

J. K Rowling once said in the BBC classic “Desert Island Records” that “if you can only choose one record to take to desert island”, she will bring Tchaikovsky’s “Violin Concerto in D major” – a song that she accompanied her when she conceived “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s stone”, and later ushered in a highlight of her life. When writing, she only listens to classical music, because voice is too distracting.

J. K Rowling
J. K Rowling

In addition to celebrities and masters, many “senior villains” created in films and TV plays are also loyal fans of classical music.

Even if you don’t remember the villain cop in this killer isn’t too cold who needs Beethoven to cheer himself up, or Alex, Beethoven’s fan in clockwork orange, at least Hannibal, the man at the top of the food chain, is absolutely unforgettable.

leon

This psychiatrist with high intelligence is a real fan of classical music. With his elegant posture of eating French food, Bach’s Gothenburg variations, Brandenburg Concerto and even the opera Faust opened his evil “human feast”.

The contrast between blood and elegance creates the unique charm of “elite villain”. Classical music also has multi-dimensional significance

Classical music is “flowing mathematics”, and the rigorous musical structure can help us subtly improve our logical thinking ability and memory.

Classical music is “advanced education”, delicate, full of emotion, let the infiltration of people exude elegant atmosphere.

Classical music even contains some kind of “management thinking”. The perfect control of hearing and the counterpoint of layout and voice require the composer and conductor to play an efficient “management power”, which is also meaningful to the listener.

Of course, not everyone likes classical music.

Even singer Li Jian said that at first he was far away from classical music.

Li Jian: “at that time, many of our classmates were willing to listen to Chopin and Schumann, including Stravinsky. I always felt that they were being artless. But really one day, you learn music, you listen to more time, you can enjoy classical music. Up to now, more than half of the music I listen to every day is classical music. It’s the source of all music, it’s the ocean, all music types are related to it… “

In addition to “listening” to music, “watching” the scene is also the best way to feel the rich feedback of music to body and mind.

Li Jian said that he had seen Wang Jian, a Chinese cellist, playing Tchaikovsky’s first string quartet twice, which shocked him.

Lang Lang also shared his favorite work in the program desert island records, which is Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No.1. In Lang Lang’s career, he also played Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 in every important performance.

The reason why classical music has become a classic is that musicians like Lang Lang and Li Jian, as successors and creators, make classical music continue to move the audience today 300 years later.

Why do we feel shocked when we listen to classical music?

When it comes to classical music, many people feel that “classical music is too elegant, too small and too far away from their own life.”; Or “classical music appreciation is full of barriers, they do not understand music theory, it is difficult to” understand. “. In fact, take off the high cold vest of classical music, you will find it in our ears:

picture

Classic movies often use classical music as climax music to show people’s deepest and most intense emotional changes. For example, in Douban’s highest rated movie Shawshank Redemption, the protagonist Andy secretly played a piece of music through the prison radio. In this short piece of music, he got the most free moment in his life. Even the faces of those prisoners who have long been used to despair also show their longing for the future and for a beautiful life.

The magic song is Mozart’s the wedding of Figaro.

Mozart's the wedding of Figaro
Mozart’s the wedding of Figaro

On weekdays, the name of this song may not be enough to attract you to listen to, but when it appears in the Shawshank Redemption, it can easily move anyone.

When you hear the above song of vagrants, do you think of the scene in Stephen Chow’s movie Kung Fu when he was chased by a hired woman?

In addition to these songs, when you were a child playing Tetris, what you unconsciously hummed to the background music was actually “trepaco” in Tchaikovsky’s Ballet The Nutcracker;

Don’t say you know nothing about classical music. You’ve heard a lot of classical music, and you’ve been shocked and moved.

Whether it’s active cognition or passive acquisition, as long as you’re still watching movies, shopping malls, playing mobile phones, or brushing the web, classical music is in our ears, not as cold as you think.

This ubiquitous classical music has a history of more than 1000 years: in the middle ages, it was the monks chanting hymns in unison, and the sound reverberated in the open monastery; Two hundred years ago, it evolved into Beethoven’s dedicated to Alice, which is used to express love for the girl; Then, it became a repertoire used by Paganini and Liszt to show off their superb skills

Classical music has been changing dramatically in the course of history. It is no longer exclusive music for nobles. Every ordinary person can feel its beauty. It sounds good. More importantly, classical music conveys to us all kinds of delicate, complex, rich and unspeakable emotions and emotions. It tells a part of people’s daily life, It is the background of people’s spiritual world.

But it is undeniable that the world of classical music has its own common sense and rules. Besides perceiving the “good listening” of classical music, if we want to appreciate classical music more deeply, we really need to get rid of the obstacles such as music theory knowledge and European history.